Buscar este blog

Cargando...

martes, 19 de julio de 2016

simple present tense




Simple Present Tense of regular and irregular verbs

 The simple present tense in English is used to describe an action that is happening  now  and it is regular, true or normal.
                               AFFIRMATIVE PRESENT TENSE

                                       First ruler.-

We form the affirmative  present tense (p+)  using the base form of the verb, but  we add 'S' in the third person (he, she, it)  .for example:

word order

subject
Verb -s
 He/she/it
 helps




AFFIRMATIVE PRESENT TENSE
TIEMPO PRESENTE  AFIRMATIVO (P+)
I help
Yo ayudo
You help
Tú ayudas/usted ayuda
He helps*
El ayuda
She helps
Ella ayuda
It helps
ayuda
We help
Nosotros/as ayudamos
You help
Ustedes ayudan
They help
Ellos ayudan

*we ad dan “S” in third person (he,she, it)
 

AFFIRMATIVE PRESENT TENSE
TIEMPO PRESENTE  AFIRMATIVO (P+)
I like
me gusta
You like
Te gusta
He likes*
le gusta (a el) 
She likes
le gusta ( a ella)
It likes
le gusta (a un animal)
We like
nos gusta
You like
les gusta ( a ustedes)
Theylike
les gusta (a ellos/a ellas )





  Second ruler.-

For verbs that end in a consonant + "Y", we change this "Y" by "I"  and add -ES. in the third person (he, she,it) for example

word order

subject
Verb -ies
He/She/it
 cries



AFFIRMATIVE PRESENT TENSE
TIEMPO PRESENTE  AFIRMATIVO (P+)
I cry
Yo lloro
You cry
Tú lloras/usted llora
He cries
El llora
She cries
Ella llora
It cries
llora
We cry
Nosotros/as lloramos
You cry
Ustedes lloran
They cry
Ellos/ellas  lloran

 

AFFIRMATIVE PRESENT TENSE
TIEMPO PRESENTE  AFIRMATIVO (P+)
I study
Yo estudio
You study
Tú estudias/usted estudia
He studies
El estudia
She studies
Ella estudia
It studies
estudia
We study
Nosotros/as estudiamos
You study
Ustedes estudian
They study
Ellos/ellas estudian

 

  Third ruler.-

For verbs that end in a vowel  + "Y", we add -S. in the thir person (he, she, it) for example

word order

subject
Verb -s
He/She/it
 plays

AFFIRMATIVE PRESENT TENSE
TIEMPO PRESENTE  AFIRMATIVO (P+)
I play
Yojuego
You play
Tú juegas/usted juega
He plays
El juega
She plays
Ella juega
It plays
juega
We play
Nosotros/as  jugamos
You play
Ustedes  juegan
They play
Ellos/ellas  juegan

AFFIRMATIVE PRESENT TENSE
TIEMPO PRESENTE  AFIRMATIVO (P+)
I say
Yo digo
You say
Tú  dices/usted dice
He says
El dice
She says
Ella dice
It says
dice
We say
Nosotros/as   decimos
You say
Ustedes dicen
They say
Ellos/ellas   dicen

  Fourth  ruler.-

For verbs that end in -O, -CH, -SH, -SS, -X, or -Z we add -ES in the third person. for example:

word order

subject
Verb -es
He/She/it
 goes




AFFIRMATIVE PRESENT TENSE
TIEMPO PRESENTE  AFIRMATIVO (P+)
I go
Yo voy
You go
Tú  vas/usted va
He goes
El va
She goes
Ella va
It goes
va
We go
Nosotros/as vamos
You go
Ustedes  van
They go
Ellos/ellas  van




AFFIRMATIVE PRESENT TENSE
TIEMPO PRESENTE  AFIRMATIVO (P+)
I  wash
Yo lavo
You  wash
Tú   lavas/usted  lava
He  washes
El lava
She  washes
Ella lava
It  washes
lava
We wash
Nosotros/as lavamos
You  wash
Ustedes  lavan
They  wash
Ellos/ellas  lavan




AFFIRMATIVE PRESENT TENSE
TIEMPO PRESENTE  AFIRMATIVO (P+)
I  fix
Yo arreglo
You  fix
Tú  arreglas/usted arregla
He fixes
El arregla
She fixes
Ella arregla
It fixes
arregla
We fix
Nosotros/as   arreglamos
You  fix
Ustedes arreglan
They  fix
Ellos/ellas  arreglan

                                               homework
add "S" , "ES" or "IES" to the following verbs, use the rulers learned, there is an example to help you.


  • marry  - marries
  • catch
  • kiss 
  • love
  • buzz  
  • enjoy
  • pay
  • try
  • pray 
  • worry
  • leave
  • invent
  • create
  • prefer
  • sing
  • read
  • write
  • lay
  • find
  • know
  • listen
  • fill
  • check 
  • speak
  • work

 NEGATIVE  PRESENT TENSE

To conjugate a verb in negative present tense   we normally use Don't or Doesn't with all verbs EXCEPT To Be and Modal verbs (can, might, should etc.).
  • Affirmative: You speak French.
    Negative: You don't speak French.
You will see that we add don't between the subject and the verb. We use Don't when the subject is I, you, we or they.
  • Affirmative: He speaks German.
    Negative: He doesn't speak German.
When the subject is he, she or it, we add doesn't between the subject and the verb to make a negative present tense.Notice that the letter S at the end of the verb in the affirmative sentence (because it is in third person) disappears in the negative sentence. We will see the reason why below.

Negative Contractions

Don't = Do not
Doesn't = Does not
I don't like  wine = I do not like wine

 word order

subject
auxiliary
verb
I/you/we/they
Don´t
 play
He/She/it
Doesn´t
 play





NEGATIVE  PRESENT TENSE
TIEMPO PRESENTE  NEGATIVO (P-)
I   don´t play
Yo no juego
You don´t play
Tú no juegas /usted no juega
He doesn´t play
El no juega
She doesn´t play
Ella no juega
It  doesn´t play
No juega
We don´t play
Nosotros/as  no jugamos
You don´t play
Ustedes  no juegan
They don´t play
Ellos/ellas  no juegan
  the verb doesn´t have an "S"



NEGATIVE PRESENT TENSE
TIEMPO PRESENTE  NEGATIVO (P-)
I  don´t go
Yo no voy
You don´t go
Tú no vas/usted no va
He doesn´t go
El no va
She doesn´t go
Ella no va
It doesn´t  go
no va
We don´t go
Nosotros/as  no  vamos
You don´t go
Ustedes no   van
They don´t go
Ellos/ellas  no van


NEGATIVE  PRESENT TENSE
TIEMPO PRESENTE  NEGATIVO (P-)
I don´t study
Yo no estudio
You don´t study
Tú no estudias/usted no estudia
He doesn´t study
El no estudia
She doesn´t study
Ella no  estudia
It doesn´t study
no estudia
We don´t study
Nosotros/as no estudiamos
You don´t study
Ustedes no estudian
They don´t study
Ellos/ellas nestudian


homework
fill in the blank with the auxiliary "DON´T" or "DOESN´T" in yhe following sentences

I _______  like to chat with unknown people.
He_________ wash his hands.
Charly ________ pray at night.
Mary, John and I ______ go to the party.
My father _________ speak English
they_______ play tennis.
we _________visit to our grandparents.
you________ do the homework
She ________ cry for food.
it ________ work .

INTERROGATIVE   PRESENT TENSE
 
To make a question in English we normally use Do or Does. It has no translation in Spanish though it is essential to show we are making a question. It is normally put at the beginning of the question.
  • Affirmative: You speak English.
    Question: Do you speak English?
You will see that we add DO at the beginning of the affirmative sentence to make it a question. We use Do when the subject is I, you, we or they.
  • Affirmative: He speaks French.
    Question: Does he speak French?
When the subject is he, she or it, we add DOES at the beginning to make the affirmative sentence a question. Notice that the letter S at the end of the verb in the affirmative sentence (because it is in third person) disappears in the question. We will see the reason why below.
We DON'T use Do or Does in questions that have the verb To Be or Modal Verbs (can, must, might, should etc.)

 word order

auxiliary
subject
verb  ?
Do
I/you/we/they
 play  ?
Does
He/She/it
 play   ?



INTERROGATIVE   PRESENT TENSE
TIEMPO PRESENTE INTERROGATIVO (P?)
Do I  play?
¿Juego yo?
Do you  play?
¿Juegas tu? ¿juega usted?
Does He  play?
¿juega el?
Does  She  play?
¿juega ella?
Does it play?
¿juega?
Do we play?
¿jugamos nosotros/as?
Do you play?
¿juegan ustedes?
Do they play?
¿juegan ellos/ellas?


AFFIRMATIVE   SHORT ANSWER IN PRESENT TENSE

In English is common to use a short answer and this is aproppiate for all the verbs regular
and irregular but in the conjugation of verb TO BE and Modal verbs don´t  use it.

word order


Yes,
subject
Auxiliary verb
Yes,
I/you/we/they
do
Yes,
He/She/it
does



Short affirmative answers
Respuestas cortas afirmativas (A//+)
Yes,I do
Si, yo si
Yes, you do
Si, tu/usted si
Yes, he does
Si, el si
Yes, she does
Si, ella si
Yes, it does
Si, si
Yes, we do
Si, nosotros/as  si
Yes,you do
Si, ustedes si
Yes, they do
Si, ellos/as   si

esta respuesta se utiliza en todos los verbos menos en el verbo TO BE y Modal Verbs (can, must, might, should etc.)

NEGATIVE     SHORT ANSWER IN PRESENT TENSE

word order
No,
subject
Auxiliary verb
no,
I/you/we/they
don´t
no,
He/She/it
doesn´t



Short negative answers
Respuestas cortas negativas (A//-)
No,I don´t
no, yo no
No, you don´t
no, tu/usted no
No, he doesn´t
no, el no
No, she doesn´t
No, ella no
No, it doesn´t
No, no
No, we don´t
No, nosotros/as  no
No,you don´t
No, ustedes no
No, they don´t
No, ellos/as   no


                                               homework

change the following sentence into:

1.-
p+    Betty washes her hands before to have dinner.
p-
p?
A//+ yes, She does.
A//- 



 2.-
P+      We go to the movie with our friends.
 p-
p?
A//+
A//-


 3.-
P+      I like chocolate ice-cream
 p-
p?
A//+
A//-
 
 

 4.-
P+    He cries all night long.
 p-
p?
A//+
A//-


 5.-
P+      John, Sam and I study together  for the English test.
 p-
p?
A//+
A//-
 
 Conjugate the verb         try    in present tense